Historical Background

Bamanda – the citadel of creative artists dates back to 5th century A.D. when Mathara Royal Family was at the helm of the Administration. After this dynasty, Ganga Rulers came into power and established their capital at Deogarh. Deogarh attained all-round prosperity during the reign of Raja Basudev Sudhal Dev, the most enlightened rulers of this clan. A new horizon was innovated in the field of communication by the foundation of Jagannath Ballav press in 1886 and publication of a weekly magazine the “Sambalpur Hitaishini” in 1889. It was during his rule that the jail, police station, postoffices, Dispensaries were established and irrigation system was introduced. He had a telephone line of 78 Miles connecting Bamara and Barkote in 1900 was the longest in India during that period. Bamanda’s own postal system was very developed. It got affiliated to the British Postal system in 1895. Sir Sudhal Dev, the then King of Bamanda had coined and issued postage stamps in his own Kingdom. He had promulgated paper currency also in his state

After him, his illustrious son Raja Sachidananda Tribhuban Dev undertook the improvement activities of the erstwhile estate. The most outstanding developmental activities was the introduction of the hydro-electric system in Kodarkot water fall by which the Palace, cloth loom, Sugar factory established in 1908 at Rambhei got power supply. During the reign of Bhanuganga Tribhuban Dev, the estate of Bamra was merged with Odisha i,e. on 1st January, 1948 and it became a part of the District of Sambalpur.

 

About the District

Deogarh District, also known as Debagarh District, was newly created on 1.1.1994, being bifurcated from Sambalpur District. The District is surrounded by Angul District on its east and south, Sambalpur District on its west and Sundargarh District on its north. This is a district of Koshal region and is situated in the western region of the state having its head quarters at Deogarh town. Deogarh’s history dates back to 5th century A.D. when Mathara Royal Family was at the helm of the Administration. After this dynasty, Ganga Rulers came into power and established their capital at Deogarh. The rule of Britishers was one of the darkest periods in its history with no major development to show.

The District covering a geographical area of 2940 Sq Km, is located between 21 degree 31’ 53” North Latitude and 84 degree 43’ 2” East Longitude. The total population of the District is 2, 74, 108 comprising 1, 38, 408 male population and 1, 35, 700 female population as per 2001 census. Total SC population of the District is 42,117 and St population is 92,103.

As per the adminstrative set up is concerned, Deogarh District has got one sub divison namely Deogarh. There are 2 Tahasils, 3 Blocks, 60 Gram panchayats and 4 Police stations functioning in the District.

Deogarh District experiences hot summer from the month of March to May, heavy monsson from June to September and winter from the month of October to February. The average annual rainfall of the District is 1142.3 mm. The maximum temperature of the District is 43 degree C and minimum temperature is 8 degree C.

The literacy rate of Deogarh District is well over sixty percent, which is higher than the national average literacy rate. There are many educational institutes in the District providing best education. P.S Snatak Mahavidyalaya, PS +3 Degree College, Palsama Science College, Reamal College, Deogarh Government College etc are the important colleges of the District.

Main festivals celebrated in the Deogarh District are Ratha Yatra, Makar sankranti, Maha Shivratri, Dola Purnima, Dusherra, Kumar Purnima are the important festivals celebrated in the District.

 


 

   

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